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The Relationship between the Decentering and Forgiveness: The Moderating Effect of Reflective Response Style and the Mediating Effect of Anger Rumination
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:36-45
Published online March 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Jiwon Shin1 , Youngho Lee2

1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul,
2Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea
Correspondence to: Youngho Lee Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of Korea, 43 Jibong-ro, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon 14662, Korea Tel: +82-2-2164-4276 Fax: +82-2-2164-4252 E-mail:
Received January 14, 2019; Revised January 30, 2019; Accepted January 31, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of anger rumination between decentering and forgiveness, and the moderating effect of reflective response style.


The subjects of this study were 231 college students who were assessed by the Experiences Questionnaire (EQ), the Response to Depressed mood Questionnaire (RDQ), the Korean Anger Rumination Scale (K-ARS), and the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI).


First, anger rumination partially mediated the relationship between decentering and forgiveness, and subfactors of anger rumination showed distinct mediating effect on the relationship between decentering and forgiveness. Rumination of cause did not have any mediating effect on the relationship between the decentering and forgiveness. But rumination of revenge showed a full mediating effect. Anger memories rumination showed partial mediating effect. Second, the total score of reflective response style had moderating effect on the relation between decentering and anger rumination. Objective reflection, which was a subfactor of reflective response style also showed moderating effect, but the feature of effect was different.


These results suggested the importance of decentering and objective reflection in order to increase forgiveness. The implication of this study and further suggestions for future studies were discussed.

Keywords : Decentering, Anger rumination, Reflective response style, Objective reflection, Forgiveness

March 2020, 28 (1)

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