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Risk Factors to Cognitive Function and Life Satisfaction in Elderly Living Alone
Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:259-267
Published online December 31, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Jee Young Lee

Department of Nursing, Joongbu University, Geumsan, Korea
Correspondence to: Jee Young Lee
Department of Nursing, Joongbu University, 201 Daehak-ro, Chubu-myeon, Geumsan 32713, Korea
Tel: +82-41-750-6244
Fax: +82-41-750-6416
Received October 7, 2018; Revised October 19, 2018; Accepted October 20, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors influencing cognitive function and life satisfaction in elderly living alone.
Methods: It was cross-sectional descriptive study by using secondary data from the 2014 national survey of Korean elderly. The study sample consisted of 2,249 subjects who live alone, aged 65 years old and over. Data were analyzed frequency analysis, x²-test, t-test, ANOVA and Logistic regression analysis.
Results: The risk factors that significantly influenced cognitive function were old age, bereavement, lack of education, no regular exercise and low socio-cultural activity satisfaction. The risk factors that significantly influenced life satisfaction were no bereavement, lack of education, no work, negative evaluation of health status, diagnosis of depression and no regular exercise. Also experience of emotional and economical abuse, neglect of financial support and low cognitive function were identified risk factors of life satisfaction.
Conclusions: The elderly living alone with risk factors of cognitive decline should be interested. To prevent or delay cognitive impairment, regular exercise and socio-cultural activities were recommended. It was suggested that the promotion of cognitive function, appropriate work and exercise, and social efforts to prevent abuse and neglect can contribute to improving life satisfaction of elderly living alone.
Keywords : Cognition, Life satisfaction, Elderly

December 2018, 26 (4)

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