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Effect of Uncertainty and Resilience on Stress for Cancer Patients
Stress 2018;26:250-256
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Unjong Choi1 , Young Sim Kim2 , Ji Sook Kang3

1Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, 2Surgical Ward, Wonkwang University Hospital, 3Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
Correspondence to: Ji Sook Kang
Department of Nursing, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, 460 Iksan-daero, Iksan 54835, Korea
Tel: +82-63-850-6072
Fax: +82-63-850-6060
Received August 21, 2018; Revised September 12, 2018; Accepted September 12, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: This study was conducted to identify factors affecting perceived stress for cancer patients.
Methods: A total of 104 cancer patients in a university hospital located in J province were participated. After IRB approval, the study period was between April and September, 2017, and the data were collected using by structured questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation, and multiple regression using SPSS 22.0 statistical program.
Results: The average score of uncertainty, resilience, and stress were 96.17, 88.54, and 17.76. As resilience, there were significant differences by spouse (t=-2.042, p=.044) and pain. As stress perceived, there were significant differences by spouse (t=-2.304, p=.023) and pain (t=2.097, p=.038). There were significantly positive correlations stress and uncertainty (r=.286, p=<.001). In addition there were significantly negative correlation between stress resilience (r=-.287, p=.003). In this study factors affecting stress perceived were spouse (β=.337, p<.001),resilience (β=-.335, p<.001), pain (β=.206, p=.023) and uncertainty (β=.204, p=.022). The factors explained 32% of perceived stress.
Conclusions: Therefore, it is suggested that strategies of pain management and nursing intervention for strengthening emotional support including uncertainty and resilience management for cancer patients.
Keywords : Cancer, Resilience, Stress, Uncertainty

September 2018, 26 (3)

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