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The Mediating Effect of Mindfulness in the Relationship between Self-Esteem and Burnout among Clinical Nurses
Stress 2018;26:243-249
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Hanju Bea1 , Heekyung Chang2,3 , Young Eun2,3

1Graduate School, 2College of Nursing, 3Gerontological Health Research Center in Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea
Correspondence to: Young Eun
College of Nursing, Gerontological Health Research Center in Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, 15 Jinju-daero 816 beon-gil, Jinju 52727, Korea
Tel: +82-55-772-8233
Fax: +82-55-772-8222
Received August 16, 2018; Revised September 10, 2018; Accepted September 11, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of mindfulness on the relationships between self-esteem and burnout among nurses.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was conducted using purposive sampling of 132 nurses at two university hospitals in J city and C city. It was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 20.0 program.
Results: There were significant correlations among self-esteem, mindfulness and burnout. Self-esteem and mindfulness were negatively correlated with burnout among nurses. Mindfulness acts as a mediator in explaining relationship between self-esteem and burnout.
Conclusions: Our results provide evidence for the role of mindfulness in the relationship between self-esteem and burnout in professional nurses. Mindfulness appears to be a protective factor against nurses’ burnout. The results of this study suggest that mindfulness training intervention suitable for nurses would be useful to reduce nurses' high levels of job burnout and risk of turnover and increase patients' satisfaction with their care.
Keywords : Nurse, Self-esteem, Mindfulness, Burnout

September 2018, 26 (3)

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