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Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Pain, Pain Interference, and Life Satisfaction for the Elderly People with Chronic Pain
Stress 2018;26:231-242
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Jaesook Shin , Bong-keon Lee

Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea
Correspondence to: Jaesook Shin
Department of Psychology, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju 28644, Korea
Tel: +82-43-261-2188
Fax: +82-43-269-2188
Received August 8, 2018; Revised September 10, 2018; Accepted September 11, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The population of the aged has been rapidly increasing worldwide, and about 50% of them are under chronic pain by irreversible degenerative diseases. This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of ACT (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) on pain, pain interference, and life satisfaction in people with chronic pain. In addition, this study proposed that anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, psychological inflexibility in pain, pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia are mediating the effectiveness of ACT.
Methods: Participants of ACT program for this study comprised the elderly aged 65 and over who had been suffering from chronic pain for at least 6 months and reported their pain intensity of at least five on the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale, 0-10). During the sessions, experimental group participated in the ACT program designed by Stoddard and Wetherell(2011) and the control group received health education. After finishing eight sessions of each program, data from 25 participants in the experimental group and 27 in the control group were used for the final analysis.
Results: The results showed that the ACT program is significantly more effective on relieving pain, pain interference, anxiety, and psychological inflexibility in pain than health education program. However, anxiety and psychological inflexibility did not have significant mediating effects on pain and pain interference.
Conclusions: Finally, this study has verified the curative effect of ACT for elderly people suffering from chronic pain. Therefore, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy can be used for supplementary treatment for patients with degenerative disease.
Keywords : Chronic pain, The elderly, Acceptance and commitment therapy, Pain interference

September 2018, 26 (3)

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