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Effects of Coping Strategies on Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms among General Population
Stress 2018;26:186-192
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Youji Jung1 , Sori Kim1 , Subin Park2 , Jung Hyun Lee1

Departments of 1Psychiatry and 2Research Planning, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jung Hyun Lee
Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, 127 Yongmasan-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 04933, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2204-0136
Fax: +82-2-2204-0394
Received June 11, 2018; Revised August 31, 2018; Accepted September 3, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Numerous studies have accumulated findings indicating that the way of coping is a critical mediator in the relation between these traumatic events and psychological outcomes. This study investigates the associations between coping strategies and post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in Korean adults.
Methods: Through an online survey, 554 non-clinical adult respondents were recruited. We assessed PTSS using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) scale and measured individual coping strategies using the Ways of Coping Checklist (WCCL). Based on the IES-R standard cut-off score, we categorized the respondents into 3 groups: normal (n=255), non-PTSS (n=185) and PTSS (n=144) after exposure to traumatic events.
Results: The scores of each coping strategy in a PTSS group were generally higher than in either the normal or non-PTSS group. In the logistic regression analysis, PTSS group was 2.77 more likely to use Tension-reduction coping compared to the other two samples.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that PTSS is associated with high inclination to apply emotion-focused coping such as tension-reduction contributing to psychological distress. These results point to the potential value of coping strategies in prevention of and therapeutic approach to PTSS for non-clinical adults.
Keywords : Stressful life events, Traumatic events, Post-traumatic stress symptoms, Coping strategies

September 2018, 26 (3)

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