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Gender Differences in Type D Personality and Mental Health among Korean College Entrants
Stress 2018;26:133-139
Published online September 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Sunhee Cho , Gyeong-Suk Jeon

Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea
Correspondence to: Gyeong-Suk Jeon
Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, 1666 Youngsan-ro, Cheonggye-Myeon, Muan 58554, Korea
Tel: +82-61-450-2675
Fax: +82-61-450-2679
E-mail: sookie@mokpo.ac.kr
Received July 2, 2018; Revised July 31, 2018; Accepted August 23, 2018.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in impacts of Type D personality on mental health among Korean college entrants.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A sample size of 75 male and 138 female students residing in Jeonnam province completed the instruments of Type D personality, perceived stress, coping, and depressive symptoms. Data were analyzed by t-test and multiple regression.
Results: Approximately 55.1% of female and 36.0% of male respondents were Type D. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms in Type D group were higher than in non-Type D group. Type D personality score was associated with perceived stress (β=0.40), problem focused coping (β=-0.32) among male college entrants. In female group, Type D personality score was associated with perceived stress (β=0.43), depressive symptoms (β=0.42), seeking social support (β=-0.25), and wishful thinking (β=0.20).
Conclusions: Male and female college entrants with Type D personality are more vulnerable in mental health. In addition, there are gender differences in Type D personality, stress, and coping strategies. We suggest the need of gender perspective to develop mental health program for college students.
Keywords : College student, Coping, Depression, Stress, Type D personality


September 2018, 26 (3)

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