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Influence of Religious & Existential Spirituality on Death Anxiety and Moderating Effect of Sex Differences
Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:115-122
Published online June 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Heung Pyo Lee

Department of Art Therapy, Daegu Cyber University, Daegu, Korea
Correspondence to: Heung Pyo Lee
Department of Art Therapy, Daegu Cyber University, 201 Jinryang-eup, Daegudae-ro, Kyungsan 38453, Korea
Tel: +82-53-859-7500
Fax: +82-53-859-7599
E-mail: youbefree@dcu.ac.kr
Received March 23, 2018; Revised June 21, 2018; Accepted June 21, 2018.
Articles published in Stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: Purpose of this study was to investigate effect of religious & existential spirituality on death anxiety and difference of death anxiety according to sex and presence of spouse. Also we studied the moderating effect of sex in the process of religious & existential l spirituality affecting death anxiety.
Methods: A total of 424 subjects were enrolled and the mean age was 38.14 years (SD=11.69).
Results: First, Effect of religious & existential l spirituality on total score of death anxiety was not significant. But, there was differences in sub death anxiety. The higher religious spirituality, the lower fear of dying early and the higher existential spirituality, the lower fear of dying process and the higher fear of loss of important persons. Second, death anxiety of woman higher than man. Furtherrmore, death anxiety of woman with spouse higher then woman without spouse and man. Third, main effect of & existential spirituality and sex on fear of dying process and loss of important person was significant, Interaction effect of spirituality and sex was not significant. Also, main effect of & religious spirituality on fear of dying early was not significant and interaction effect of existential spirituality and sex was significant. There was no gender difference in the low existential spiritual group, but death anxiety of man was lower than woman in the high group.
Conclusions: It is necessary to distinguish multiple aspects of death anxiety, to search and verify effects of spirituality on various death anxiety.
Keywords : Death anxiety, Sex, Religious spirituality, Existential spirituality


June 2018, 26 (2)

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