search for




 

Influencing Factors of Job-seeking Stress among Korean College Students in West South Area
Korean J Str Res 2015;23:79-89
Published online June 30, 2015
© 2015 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Sunhee Cho, Gyeong-suk Jeon

Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Muan, Korea
Correspondence to: 전경숙, 전남 무안군 청계면 영산로 1666 ? 534-729, 국립목포대학교 간호학과
Tel: 061-450-2675, E-mail: sookie@mokpo.ac.kr
Received April 29, 2015; Revised May 27, 2015; Accepted June 7, 2015.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine influencing factors of job-seeking stress among Korean college students. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted. A sample size of 248 male and 225 female students residing in South Korea completed the instruments of perceived job-seeking stress, self-efficacy, stress coping, social support, and depressive symptoms. Data was analyzed by ANOVA and multivariate regression. Female presented higher stress level, depressive symptoms, and lower self-efficacy and active coping. Influencing factors of job-seeking stress were self-efficacy, depression, grade, major, academic achievement, and employment status. Female students, self-efficacy, and academic major need to be considered when developing job-seeking stress management program. Depression should be screened when counseling students on high level of job-seeking stress. (Korean J Str Res 2015;23:79∼89)
Keywords : College students, Depression, Job-seeking stress, Self-efficacy, Stress coping
References
  1. Byun EK, Yoon SJ, Kim KH (2014) The factors influencing on employment stress of university students. Korean J. of Occup Health Nurs. 23:146-153.
    CrossRef
  2. Catalano R, Snowden L, Shumway M et al. (2007) Unemployment and civil commitment: A test of the intolerance hypothesis. Aggressive Behav. 33:272-280.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  3. Chae CK, Kim TG (2009) Determinants of employment status of university (college) graduates youth. J. of Vocat Educ Res. 28:89-107.
  4. Cheon MB, Lee JG (2013) A study on the factors of job-seeking stress for graduated in Korea: The moderating effect of career attitude maturity and self-efficacy. J. of Korean Corp Manage Assoc. 52:191-214.
  5. Cheon SH (2012) Relationships among daily hassles, social support, entrapment and mental health status by gender in university students. Korean J. of Wom Health Nurs. 18:223-235.
    CrossRef
  6. Choi SH, Lee H (2013) Affecting factors in unemployment stress among college students -Focused on physical symptoms, depression, anxiety and self-esteem. J. of Korea Cont Assoc. 13:808-816.
    CrossRef
  7. Cohen S, Hoberman HM (1983) Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress. J. of Appl Soc Psychol. 13:99-125.
    CrossRef
  8. Folkman S, Lazarus R (1985) If it changes it must be a process:Study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. J. of Pers Soc Psychol. 48:150-170.
    CrossRef
  9. Han KS (2005) Self Efficacy, health promoting behaviors, and symptoms of stress among university students. J. of Korean Acad Nurg. 35:585-592.
  10. Jeong ES, Roh AY (2001) A study on relationship among job-seeking stress, depression, self-esteem, and physical health of college students. J. of Stud Guid: Chonnam National University. 33:85-101.
  11. Kang SW (2015) A study on differences of career barriers, employment stress, and career development behavior among collegiate athletes, sport-majored college students, and non-sport-majored college students. Korean J. of Physic Educ. 54:83-95.
  12. Kim BS (2014) Economic activity state of new graduates. Labor Rev. September:37-49.
  13. Kim HK (2008) The employment stress of dancing major college students. Korean J. of Arts Educ. 6:19-27.
  14. Kim YH (2013) Effect of career empowerment program on career maturity, career decision-making self-efficacy, and employment stress of nursing college students. J. of Korea Cont Assoc. 13:817-828.
    CrossRef
  15. Ko KP, Sim MY (2014) The structural relation of self-efficacy, job stress, career maturity and career preparation behavior of college students. J. of Career Educ Res. 27:19-38.
  16. Korean Educational Development Institute (2014) Annual report of employment statistics [Internet].
  17. Lee EH (2004) Life Stress and depressive symptoms among college students: Testing for moderating effects of coping style with structural equations. Korean J. of Health Psychol. 9:25-48.
  18. Park KH, Hah YS (2007) Depression, self-efficacy, life satisfaction and coping behaviors of university students. Korean J. of Stress Res. 15:17-25.
  19. Park KH (2008) Development of a structural equation model to estimate university students’ depression. J. of Korean Acad Nurs. 38:779-899.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  20. Park KR, Park HR (2005) A study on the employment stress in senior-year university students. J. of Korean Acad Pub Health Nurs. 19:328-338.
  21. Park YR, Jang EH (2013) Impact of stress on depression among university students: Testing for moderating effect of social support. Korean J. of Adult Nurs. 25:549-558.
    CrossRef
  22. Renk K, Smith T (2007) Predictors of academic-related stress in college students: An examination of coping, social support, parenting, and anxiety. J. of Student Aff Res Pr. 44:803-829.
    CrossRef
  23. Sachs BD, Ni JR, Caron MG (2014) Sex differences in response to chronic mild stress and congenital serotonin deficiency. Psychoneuroendocrino. 40:123-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.11.008.
    CrossRef
  24. Seo IK, Lee YS (2014) To verify a mediation effect of depression between university students’ job-seeking stress and considering suicide: Comparing between a female group and male group. J. of Korean Assoc Adol Welf. 16:25-53.
  25. Sin HK, Jang JY (2003) The relationship among personality characteristics, gender, job-seeking stress and mental health in college seniors. Korean J. of Clin Psychol. 22:815-827.
  26. Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JB (1999) Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. JAMA. 282:1737-1744.
    Pubmed CrossRef
  27. Statistics Korea (2015) Employment outlook [Internet].
  28. Tipton RM, Worthington EL Jr (1984) The measurement of generalized self-efficacy: A study of construct validity. J. of Pers Assess. 48:454-548.
  29. Yang KM, Bang SY, Kim SY (2012) Factors influencing suicidal ideation in university students. Korean J. of Stress Res. 20:41-50.
  30. Yoo GS, Shin DW (2013) Effects of stress coping styles on academic burnout and employment stress among undergraduate students. Korean J. of Couns. 14:3849-3869.
    CrossRef
  31. Yoon MS, Lee HS (2012) The relationship between depression, job preparing stress and suicidal ideation among college students:Moderating effect of problem drinking. Korean J. of Youth Stud. 19:109-137.


June 2018, 26 (2)