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The Effects of Non-Commissioned Officers’ Role Stress on Burnout: The Mediating Effects of Achievement Goal
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:374-379
Published online December 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Hyun-Ah Kim1 , Jayoung Lee2

1Department of Counseling Psychology, Seoul Cyber University, Seoul, 2Department of Counseling Psychology, Hanyang Cyber University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jayoung Lee
Department of Counseling Psychology, Hanyang Cyber University, 220 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2290-0341
Fax: +82-2-2290-0600
Received August 14, 2019; Revised December 13, 2019; Accepted December 13, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of achievement goals (performance approach goal, mastery approach goal, performance avoidance goal) on the link between role stress and burnout and engagement.
Methods: A total 224 non-commissioned officers agreed to the purpose of this study were participated. A correlation analysis was performed by using SPSS 21.0, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was performed by using AMOS 20.0.
Results: This study were as follows. As a result of comparing the research model including the performance approach goal and the competition model except the performance approach goal, the competition model was excellent. In addition, performance avoidance goal was partially mediated in the relationship between role stress and burnout. In addition, the mastery approach goal was partially in the relationship between role stress and engagement.
Conclusions: The results imply that improving mastery approach goal and decreasing performance avoidance goal is very important for non-commissioned officers. Therefore, the military authorities should develop various strategies to decrease performance avoidance goal and improve the mastery approach goal.
Keywords : Non-commissioned officer’s role, Stress, Goal, Burnout, Engagement

December 2019, 27 (4)

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