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Factors Influencing Self-Care Behaviors of Renal Dialysis Patients
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:320-327
Published online December 31, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Yoonjung Kim1 , Sanggeon Park2

1Department of Nursing, Sorabol University, Gyeongju, 2Department Environment, Geumjeong-gu Office, Busan Metropolitan City, Busan, Korea
Correspondence to: Yoonjung Kim
Department of Nursing, Sorabol College, 516 Taejong-ro, Gyeongju 38063, Korea
Tel: +82-54-770-3618
Fax: +82-54-770-3757
E-mail: jung_24@naver.com
Received August 13, 2019; Revised November 28, 2019; Accepted November 28, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-care behaviors in renal dialysis patients and to provide the basic data for management of self-care behaviors.
Methods: This study was conducted from December 1, 2015 to January 30, 2016 in 120 patients with chronic renal failure receiving dialysis treatment for 6 months or longer at a medical institution in B city. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results: The self-care behaviors of the renal dialysis patients showed a statistically significant positive correlation with autonomous motivation (r=.33, p<.001), health provider’s support (r=.34, p<.001), and family support (r=.40, p<.001), a negative correlation with depression (r=-.31, p=.001). A stepwise regression analysis was performed to examine the factors affecting self-care behaviors in renal dialysis patients. Family support, depression and autonomous motivation were significant predictors of self-care behaviors in renal dialysis patients, and these variables accounted for 23.5% of self-care behaviors.
Conclusions: This study was to find out the relationship between self-care behaviors related variables in renal dialysis patients and to provide basic data for management, maintenance, and promotion of self-care behaviors. Family support, depression and autonomous motivation of renal dialysis patients were most important variables related to self-care behaviors. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a plan that can intervene in depression in renal dialysis patients early and effectively to improve family support and subject’s autonomous motivation.
Keywords : Renal dialysis, Self-care, Motivation, Depression


December 2019, 27 (4)

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