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Development and Evaluation of a Self-Empowerment Intervention Program for Inpatient at High Risk of Suicide
Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:240-250
Published online September 30, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Hee-Yeon Kim1 , Kuem-Sun Han2

1Korea University Guro Hospital, 2Korea University, College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Kuem-Sun Han
Korea University, College of Nursing, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 08308, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3290-4919
Fax: +82-2-928-9108
Received July 9, 2019; Revised September 2, 2019; Accepted September 2, 2019.
Articles published in stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: The purpose of this study, which uses an nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design, was to develop of a self-empowerment intervention program for for inpatient at high risk of suicide, and to assess its effects on positive emotions (subjective well–being, psychological well–being, gratitude, optimism, Self-esteem), empowerment and suicide ideation.
Methods: Data were collected from January to December, 2016. The experimental group participated in 8 sessions of self-empowerment intervention program. The control group was granted general intervention program to the psychiatric ward. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS Win 20.0.
Results: The results of this study showed the proposed self-empowerment intervention program for inpatient at high risk of suicide had the effect of improving positive emotions (subjective well–being, psychological well–being, gratitude, and optimism, self-esteem), empowerment and reducing the suicide ideation.
Conclusions: The program, developed in accordance with King’s theory of goal attainment, will serve as a useful reference in developing standard guidelines for nursing intervention program suicide prevention in psychiatric department. The results are expected to contribute to the practice of intensive nursing care for inpatient at high risk of suicide.
Keywords : Emotions, Mental health, Optimism, Suicide

September 2019, 27 (3)

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