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Stress Relief and Related Factors in Camp Program for Firefighters
Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:88-94
Published online June 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Stress Medicine.

Jungha Shin1 , Minyoung Sim2 , Junghyun H. Lee2 , Da Young Lee3 , Kyungsun Jeon1 , Seunga Oh1 , Jiae Kim1 , Okju Kim1 , Jungil Yang1 , Heebong Lee2

1Division of Mental Health Services, 2Department of Stress and Anxiety Disorder, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, 3Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea
Correspondence to: Minyoung Sim
Department of Stress and Anxiety Disorder, National Center for Mental Health, 127 Yongmasan-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 04933, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2204-0115
Fax: +82-2-2204-0395
E-mail: mdsim@hanmail.net
Received February 20, 2018; Revised April 5, 2018; Accepted April 25, 2018.
Articles published in Stress are open-access, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Background: This study aims to test the effectiveness of a camp program and to analyze the factors related to stress relief. To this end, the present study conducted prospective research for six months on the change of stress, depression, and the level of post-traumatic stress among the firefighters who participated in the camp program.
Methods: The perceived stress (PSS-K), stress by the different portion (GARS), post-traumatic stress symptoms (IES-R) and depression (BDI-II) were evaluated at five sessions over the span of six months, and the change of each measure was analyzed. Those five sessions were before the camp, right after the camp and a month, three months and six months after the camp. Moreover, this study assessed characteristics of sociodemographic, firefighting task and mental health that are related to the level of stress at six months after the camp.
Results: Compared with before the camp, the level of depression was significantly lower right after the camp. However, the level did not have significant difference after a month period. At one month after the camp, the level of stress was significantly lower than before the camp, and was maintained after six months. The predictive factors of the degree of stress relief after the camp were high job stress and low disease stress.
Conclusions: This study has found that the stress relief from the camp continued until six months after the camp, and the stress-relieving effect through the camp was substantial for those with higher job stress and lower disease stress.
Keywords : Firefighters, Stress, Camp, Healing program