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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Themes and subthemes of the study

Theme Subtheme
Threatening experiences that denied one’s own existence_Trauma • Fear of dying in a warlike daily-living
• Frustration with no choice due to poverty
• Loss of value owing to sexual violence
• Unmet basic needs in neglect and indifference
• Declined self-esteem crushed by exclusion and failure
The only escape for the survival of the self_Addiction • Spontaneous abandonment of oneself to addictive DNA
• Escape from the hell of suffering to another
• Dangerous relationship with addictive substances to survive
A journey to search for one’s lost self in support_Recovery • Recognizing trauma as the root of addiction and accepting oneself
• Seeking meaning of life while healing wounds through forgiveness and service
• Overcoming wounds and restoring relationships
• Being connected to the world through various helping hands

DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid.

Stress 2021;29:45-59
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