Stress Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2234-1668   pISSN 1225-665X

Stress : eISSN 2234-1668 / pISSN 1225-665X

Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Difference in empowerment

Category Groups Pretest Posttest Z (p) Difference (post-pre) Z (p)



M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Empowerment Self-esteem Exp. 1.49 (.43) 3.88 (.41) −4.39** (.000) 2.39 (.64) −5.77** (.000)
Cont. 3.04 (.88) 3.19 (1.18) −.99 (.322) .15 (.87)
Self-efficiency, future mastery Exp. 2.35 (.38) 3.35 (.31) −4.29** (.000) 1.00 (.56) −3.62** (.000)
Cont. 2.89 (.66) 3.23 (.71) −2.62* (.009) .34 (.62)
Community activities, autonomy Exp. 2.47 (.49) 3.89 (.55) −4.31** (.000) 1.42 (.61) −4.12** (.000)
Cont. 3.06 (.86) 3.38 (1.12) −1.64 (.10) .32 (.86)
Total Exp. 2.10 (.35) 3.71 (.37) −4.37** (.000) 1.33 (.80) −4.59** (.000)
Cont. 3.00 (.72) 3.27 (.96) −1.98 (.048) .80 (.54)

p<.001.

Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:240-50 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.3.240
© 2019 Korean J Stress Res