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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Results of multinomial regression analysis for cognitive function trajectories

   VariablesNormal-maintained vs. Normal-declinedMildly impaired-maintained vs. Mildly impaired-declined


OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age (year)1.078 (1.019~1.139)**1.130 (1.042~1.226)**
Gender (ref. female)
 Male0.892 (0.396~2.012)5.132 (1.062~24.794)*
Education (ref. ≥high school)
 <High school1.653 (0.841~3.249)0.246 (0.042~1.440)
Marital status (ref. married)0.830 (0.468~1.474)2.127 (0.875~5.172)
 Not married
Household Income (ref. ≥20,000,000)
 <20,000,000 (KRW/year)2.000 (1.119~3.577)*0.578 (0.231~1.449)
Duration of diabetes (year)1.018 (0.986~1.050)0.970 (0.923~1.020)
No. of chronic conditions0.967 (0.652~1.435)0.978 (0.481~1.991)
Hypertension (ref. no)
 Yes1.115 (0.557~2.234)1.849 (0.571~5.988)
Heart disease (ref. no)
 Yes0.718 (0.296~1.742)0.230 (0.038~1.408)
Cerebrovascular disease (ref. no)
 Yes1.298 (0.406~4.149)8.237 (0.594~114.213)
Self-rated health status (ref. good)
 Poor1.983 (1.129~3.483)*0.629 (0.241~1.643)
Depressive symptoms (CESD)0.967 (0.843~1.019)0.978 (0.481~1.991)
Current Smoking (ref. not smoking)
 Smoking1.732 (0.845~3.552)1.068 (0.265~4.305)
Alcohol (ref. non-alcohol use)
 Alcohol use1.727 (0.874~3.415)0.179 (0.031~1.031)
Exercise (ref. not exercise)
 Exercise0.923 (0.561~1.519)0.907 (0.354~2.323)
BMI0.834 (0.628~1.106)1.242 (0.781~1.973)
Grip strength0.967 (0.920~1.017)0.980 (0.895~1.073)
ADL0.520 (0.239~1.131)2.901 (0.758~11.108)

p<.01,

p<.05.

Korean J Stress Res 2019;27:1-8 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2019.27.1.1
© 2019 Korean J Stress Res