Stress Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2234-1668   pISSN 1225-665X

Stress : eISSN 2234-1668 / pISSN 1225-665X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Sample characteristics (N=1,182)

  Characteristics Categories N (%) Non PTSD PTSD χ2/t
Age (Year) Average 58.7±17.9 895 (75.7%) 287 (24.3%) 11.50
Gender Male 584 (49.4%) 454 (77.7%) 130 (22.2%) 2.563
Female 598 (50.6%) 441 (73.7%) 157 (26.2%)
Education ≤Elementary 463 (39.1%) 368 (79.4%) 95 (20.5%) 23.9***
Middle school 216 (18.3%) 180 (83.3%) 36 (16.7%)
High school 354 (29.9%) 246 (69.5%) 108 (30.5%)
≥College 145 (12.3%) 97 (66.9%) 48 (33.1%)
NA 4 (0.3%) 4 (0.44%) -
Marital status Unmarried 177 (14.9%) 137 (77.4%) 40 (22.6%) 16.5**
Married 822 (69.6%) 638 (77.6%) 184 (22.4%)
Separated or widowed 182 (15.3%) 119 (16.0%) 63 (21.9%)
NA 1 (0.3%) 1 (0.11%) -
Prior history of mental illness Yes 11 (0.9%) 3 (27.3%) 8 (72.7%) 14.17***
No 1171 (99.1%) 892 (76.2%) 279 (23.8%)
Prior history of trauma Yes 116 (9.8%) 86 (74.1%) 30 (25.9%) .175
No 1066 (90.2%) 809 (75.9%) 257 (24.1%)
Year of disaster Year 2012 689 (58.3%) 574 (83.3%) 115 (16.7%) 58.07***
Year 2013 123 (10.4%) 75 (61.0%) 48 (39.0%)
Year 2014 246 (20.8%) 155 (63.0%) 91 (37.0%)
Year 2015 122 (10.3%) 90 (73.8%) 32 (26.2%)
NA 2 (0.2%) -
Post-disaster experience
 Loss of life Yes 57 (4.8%) 16 (28.0%) 41 (71.9%) 73.95***
No 1125 (95.1%) 879 (78.1%) 246 (21.9%)
 Employment status change Yes 76 (6.4%) 51 (67.1%) 25 (32.9%) 3.27
No 1106 (93.6%) 844 (76.3%) 262 (23.7%)
 Relocation of residence Yes 97 (8.2%) 61 (62.9%) 36 (37.1%) 9.46*
No 1085 (91.8%) 834 (76.9%) 251 (23.1%)
 Asset change Decrease 309 (26.1%) 203 (65.7%) 106 (34.3%) 22.86***
Increase or monotonic 873 (73.9%) 692 (79.3%) 181 (20.7%)
No 1065 (90.1%) 848 (79.6%) 217 (20.3)
 Economic distress 60.73***
  Difficulty in paying meals Yes 5 (0.42%) 2 (40%) 3 (60%)
  No hospital care Yes 48 (4.06%) 8 (16.6%) 40 (83.3)
  Debt Yes 6 (0.5%) 3 (50%) 3 (50%)
  Unemployment Yes 6 (0.5%) 3 (50%) 3 (50%)
  Difficulty in paying bill Yes 52 (4.3%) 31 (59.6%) 21 (40.3%)

p<.05,

p<.01,

p<.001.

Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:319-26 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.319
© 2018 Korean J Stress Res