Stress Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2234-1668   pISSN 1225-665X

Stress : eISSN 2234-1668 / pISSN 1225-665X

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Differences in cognitive function and life satisfaction according to characteristics (N=2,449)

 Variables CategoriesN (%)Cognitive functiont or F/(p)Life satisfactiont or F/(p)


M±SDM±SD
SexMale416 (17.0)24.41±4.3111.30 (<.001)11.54±2.580.46 (.644)
Female2,033 (83.0)21.73±4.8811.47±2.39
Age (years)65~751,246 (50.9)23.52±4.1914.29 (<.001)11.52±2.410.75 (.457)
≥761,203 (49.1)20.80±5.1711.45±2.43
Marital statusunmarrieda)29 (1.2)23.07±4.6126.02 (<.001) b<c, d10.62±2.579.70 (<.001) b>c
Bereavedb)2,138 (87.3)21.86±4.8811.58±2.39
divorcedc)222 (9.1)24.50±4.4510.75±2.54
separatedd)60 (2.4)24.68±4.1511.15±2.54
Education levelNone (Illiteracy)a)472 (19.3)18.11±4.26256.23 (<.001) a<b<c<d, e10.96±2.3616.19 (<.001) a, b<d, e a<c<e
None (literacy)b)814 (33.2)21.03±4.4911.32±2.31
Elementaryc)720 (29.4)23.81±4.0511.59±2.28
Middled)184 (7.5)25.70±3.3611.99±2.53
≥Highe)259 (10.6)26.22±3.1012.28±2.86
Working StatusWorking633 (25.8)22.49±4.581.94 (.052)11.96±2.325.84 (<.001)
Not working1,816 (74.2)22.07±4.9911.32±2.43
Subjective health evaluationHealthya)587 (24.0)23.28±4.7128.17 (<.001) a>b>c13.36±2.16408.39 (<.001) a>b>c
Moderateb)562 (22.9)22.53±4.9911.93±2.03
Unhealthyc)1,300 (53.1)21.54±4.8310.44±2.10
Diagnosis of depressionDiagnosed93 (3.8)22.02±5.11-0.32 (.746)10.20±2.29-5.22 (<.001)
Undiagnosed2,356 (96.2)22.19±4.8911.53±2.41
SmokingSmoking209 (8.5)23.61±4.941.43 (.153)11.09±2.45-2.48 (.013)
Nonsmoking2,240 (91.5)22.76±4.8911.52±2.42
DrinkingDrinking487 (19.9)22.92±4.790.45 (.656)11.38±2.42-4.25 (<.001)
Nondrinking1,962 (80.1)22.78±4.9111.90±2.38
ExerciseExercise1,362 (55.6)22.94±4.628.60 (<.001)11.88±2.429.25 (<.001)
No exercise1,087 (44.4)21.24±5.0610.99±2.33
Physical AbuseYes8 (0.3)19.13±5.19-1.77 (.077)10.63±2.67-1.01 (.315)
No2,441 (99.7)22.19±4.8911.49±2.42
Emotional AbuseYes219 (8.9)22.34±4.600.52 (.603)10.68±2.53-5.17 (<.001)
No2,230 (91.1)22.17±4.9211.56±2.40
Economical AbuseYes16 (0.7)25.00±4.232.31 (.021)9.81±2.07-2.77 (<.001)
No2,433 (99.3)22.16±4.8911.49±2.42
Neglect of health care supportYes75 (3.1)21.29±5.42-1.60 (.110)9.40±2.61-7.66 (<.001)
No2,374 (96.9)22.21±4.8711.55±2.39
Neglect of financial supportYes136 (5.6)22.33±5.000.36 (.716)9.63±2.53-9.34 (<.001)
No2,313 (94.4)22.17±4.8911.59±2.37
Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:259-67 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.259
© 2018 Korean J Stress Res