Stress Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2234-1668   pISSN 1225-665X

Stress : eISSN 2234-1668 / pISSN 1225-665X

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Differences in cognitive function and life satisfaction according to characteristics (N=2,449)

 Variables  Categories N (%) Cognitive function t or F/(p) Life satisfaction t or F/(p)


M±SD M±SD
Sex Male 416 (17.0) 24.41±4.31 11.30 (<.001) 11.54±2.58 0.46 (.644)
Female 2,033 (83.0) 21.73±4.88 11.47±2.39
Age (years) 65~75 1,246 (50.9) 23.52±4.19 14.29 (<.001) 11.52±2.41 0.75 (.457)
≥76 1,203 (49.1) 20.80±5.17 11.45±2.43
Marital status unmarrieda) 29 (1.2) 23.07±4.61 26.02 (<.001) b<c, d 10.62±2.57 9.70 (<.001) b>c
Bereavedb) 2,138 (87.3) 21.86±4.88 11.58±2.39
divorcedc) 222 (9.1) 24.50±4.45 10.75±2.54
separatedd) 60 (2.4) 24.68±4.15 11.15±2.54
Education level None (Illiteracy)a) 472 (19.3) 18.11±4.26 256.23 (<.001) a<b<c<d, e 10.96±2.36 16.19 (<.001) a, b<d, e a<c<e
None (literacy)b) 814 (33.2) 21.03±4.49 11.32±2.31
Elementaryc) 720 (29.4) 23.81±4.05 11.59±2.28
Middled) 184 (7.5) 25.70±3.36 11.99±2.53
≥Highe) 259 (10.6) 26.22±3.10 12.28±2.86
Working Status Working 633 (25.8) 22.49±4.58 1.94 (.052) 11.96±2.32 5.84 (<.001)
Not working 1,816 (74.2) 22.07±4.99 11.32±2.43
Subjective health evaluation Healthya) 587 (24.0) 23.28±4.71 28.17 (<.001) a>b>c 13.36±2.16 408.39 (<.001) a>b>c
Moderateb) 562 (22.9) 22.53±4.99 11.93±2.03
Unhealthyc) 1,300 (53.1) 21.54±4.83 10.44±2.10
Diagnosis of depression Diagnosed 93 (3.8) 22.02±5.11 -0.32 (.746) 10.20±2.29 -5.22 (<.001)
Undiagnosed 2,356 (96.2) 22.19±4.89 11.53±2.41
Smoking Smoking 209 (8.5) 23.61±4.94 1.43 (.153) 11.09±2.45 -2.48 (.013)
Nonsmoking 2,240 (91.5) 22.76±4.89 11.52±2.42
Drinking Drinking 487 (19.9) 22.92±4.79 0.45 (.656) 11.38±2.42 -4.25 (<.001)
Nondrinking 1,962 (80.1) 22.78±4.91 11.90±2.38
Exercise Exercise 1,362 (55.6) 22.94±4.62 8.60 (<.001) 11.88±2.42 9.25 (<.001)
No exercise 1,087 (44.4) 21.24±5.06 10.99±2.33
Physical Abuse Yes 8 (0.3) 19.13±5.19 -1.77 (.077) 10.63±2.67 -1.01 (.315)
No 2,441 (99.7) 22.19±4.89 11.49±2.42
Emotional Abuse Yes 219 (8.9) 22.34±4.60 0.52 (.603) 10.68±2.53 -5.17 (<.001)
No 2,230 (91.1) 22.17±4.92 11.56±2.40
Economical Abuse Yes 16 (0.7) 25.00±4.23 2.31 (.021) 9.81±2.07 -2.77 (<.001)
No 2,433 (99.3) 22.16±4.89 11.49±2.42
Neglect of health care support Yes 75 (3.1) 21.29±5.42 -1.60 (.110) 9.40±2.61 -7.66 (<.001)
No 2,374 (96.9) 22.21±4.87 11.55±2.39
Neglect of financial support Yes 136 (5.6) 22.33±5.00 0.36 (.716) 9.63±2.53 -9.34 (<.001)
No 2,313 (94.4) 22.17±4.89 11.59±2.37
Korean J Stress Res 2018;26:259-67 https://doi.org/10.17547/kjsr.2018.26.4.259
© 2018 Korean J Stress Res